In this article we describe various ways of creating
torch
tensors in R.
From R objects
You can create tensors from R objects using the
torch_tensor
function. The torch_tensor
function takes an R vector, matrix or array and creates an equivalent
torch_tensor
.
You can see a few examples below:
torch_tensor(c(1,2,3))
#> torch_tensor
#> 1
#> 2
#> 3
#> [ CPUFloatType{3} ]
# conform to rowmajor indexing used in torch
torch_tensor(matrix(1:10, ncol = 5, nrow = 2, byrow = TRUE))
#> torch_tensor
#> 1 2 3 4 5
#> 6 7 8 9 10
#> [ CPULongType{2,5} ]
torch_tensor(array(runif(12), dim = c(2, 2, 3)))
#> torch_tensor
#> (1,.,.) =
#> 0.7341 0.1090 0.0783
#> 0.9175 0.5569 0.8146
#>
#> (2,.,.) =
#> 0.8122 0.7759 0.7252
#> 0.9261 0.6771 0.3863
#> [ CPUFloatType{2,2,3} ]
By default, we will create tensors in the cpu
device,
converting their R datatype to the corresponding torch
dtype
.
Note currently, only numeric and boolean types are supported.
You can always modify dtype
and device
when
converting an R object to a torch tensor. For example:
torch_tensor(1, dtype = torch_long())
#> torch_tensor
#> 1
#> [ CPULongType{1} ]
torch_tensor(1, device = "cpu", dtype = torch_float64())
#> torch_tensor
#> 1
#> [ CPUDoubleType{1} ]
Other options available when creating a tensor are:

requires_grad
: boolean indicating if you wantautograd
to record operations on them for automatic differentiation. 
pin_memory
: – If set, the tensor returned would be allocated in pinned memory. Works only for CPU tensors.
These options are available for all functions that can be used to create new tensors, including the factory functions listed in the next section.
Using creation functions
You can also use the torch_*
functions listed below to
create torch tensors using some algorithm.
For example, the torch_randn
function will create
tensors using the normal distribution with mean 0 and standard deviation
1. You can use the ...
argument to pass the size of the
dimensions. For example, the code below will create a normally
distributed tensor with shape 5x3.
x < torch_randn(5, 3)
x
#> torch_tensor
#> 0.4468 0.6506 1.8093
#> 1.2989 0.0886 0.4015
#> 0.5750 0.5786 0.8709
#> 0.3169 1.6018 0.5312
#> 0.3618 2.0890 0.7810
#> [ CPUFloatType{5,3} ]
Another example is torch_ones
, which creates a tensor
filled with ones.
x < torch_ones(2, 4, dtype = torch_int64(), device = "cpu")
x
#> torch_tensor
#> 1 1 1 1
#> 1 1 1 1
#> [ CPULongType{2,4} ]
Here is the full list of functions that can be used to bulkcreate tensors in torch:

torch_arange
: Returns a tensor with a sequence of integers, 
torch_empty
: Returns a tensor with uninitialized values, 
torch_eye
: Returns an identity matrix, 
torch_full
: Returns a tensor filled with a single value, 
torch_linspace
: Returns a tensor with values linearly spaced in some interval, 
torch_logspace
: Returns a tensor with values logarithmically spaced in some interval, 
torch_ones
: Returns a tensor filled with all ones, 
torch_rand
: Returns a tensor filled with values drawn from a uniform distribution on [0, 1). 
torch_randint
: Returns a tensor with integers randomly drawn from an interval, 
torch_randn
: Returns a tensor filled with values drawn from a unit normal distribution, 
torch_randperm
: Returns a tensor filled with a random permutation of integers in some interval, 
torch_zeros
: Returns a tensor filled with all zeros.
Conversion
Once a tensor exists you can convert between dtype
s and
move to a different device with to
method. For example:
x < torch_tensor(1)
y < x$to(dtype = torch_int32())
x
#> torch_tensor
#> 1
#> [ CPUFloatType{1} ]
y
#> torch_tensor
#> 1
#> [ CPUIntType{1} ]
You can also copy a tensor to the GPU using:
< torch_tensor(1)
x < x$cuda()) y